This report examines the science base of the relationship between diet and physical activity patterns, and the major nutrition-related chronic diseases. Recommendations are made to help prevent death and disability from these diseases. These population nutrient intake and physical activity goals should contribute in the development of regional strategies and national guidelines to reduce the burden of nutrition related diseases: obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, several forms of cancer, osteoporosis and dental disease. The recommendations contained in this report are based on the examination and analysis of the best available evidence and the collective judgement of a group of international experts, brought together by WHO and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization FAO. For queries about the Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases expert report or about the Global Strategy. Nutrition labels and health claims: the global regulatory environment [pdf kb]. Marketing food to children: the global regulatory environment [pdf kb]. Health Topics. About Us. Highlight More information. Frequently asked questions Global strategy process and issues Questions and answers.
A healthy diet helps protect against malnutrition in all its forms and is a foundation for health and development. It also helps to prevent noncommunicable diseases including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, some cancers and other conditions linked to obesity. Together with a lack of physical activity, an unhealthy diet is one of the leading global risks to health. Evidence shows the benefits of a diet high in fruit, vegetables, legumes, nuts and grains, but lower in salt, free sugars and fats, particularly saturated and trans fats. Developing a healthy diet begins early in life with breastfeeding and educational initiatives for young children and parents. These benefits are reflected in higher educational outcomes, productivity and lifelong health. However, there are many ways in which a healthy diet can be inaccessible, particularly in low- and middle-income countries and in situations with high rates of food insecurity such as armed conflict. Around the world, an estimated 2 billion people lack access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food. The proliferation of highly processed food, rapid unplanned urbanization and changing lifestyles has also contributed to more people eating unhealthy diets high in energy, fats, free sugars and salt.
Governments have a central role in creating a healthy food diets that enables people to adopt and maintain healthy dietary practices. Fats and oils are concentrated sources of energy, and eating too much fat, particularly the wrong kinds of fat, can world harmful to health. People are often unaware of the organization of salt they consume. Increased physical activity and maintaining organization healthy weight play critical roles in the prevention and treatment of diabetes. Osteoporosis and diets fractures: fragility world are a problem of older people. Limit intake of soft drinks health soda and other drinks that are health in sugars e.