Conclusion: The results indicate that patients with RA, by adjusting to a Mediterranean diet, did obtain a reduction in inflammatory activity, an increase in physical function, and improved vitality. In the EIRA study median age of participants 53 years, Another limitation is that the Mediterranean diet score as well as other ranking scores does not reflect the absolute Mediterranean diet, but the distribution of the score 0—9 in the studied population. Send your stories and photos now. Moreover, differences in the aetiology of seropositive and seronegative RA have been shown before, in association with both genetic [ 32 ] and environmental risk factors [ 23, 33 ]. Download citation. The patients were evaluated clinically to the beginning of the study, at the end of the third week, passed six weeks, and again after 12 weeks.
Metrics details. The Mediterranean diet has been associated with lower mortality and lower risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Although its components have been analysed in several studies, only one study has specifically investigated the association between Mediterranean diet and risk of rheumatoid arthritis RA, and reported no association. Data on patients with incident RA cases and controls, matched on age, gender and residential area, from the Swedish epidemiological investigation of RA EIRA, a population-based case-control study, were analysed using conditional logistic regression. The Mediterranean diet score, ranging from 0 to 9, was calculated from a item food frequency questionnaire. In the EIRA study median age of participants 53 years, The OR was even lower among men OR 0.
BMC Med. Accepted : 20 July Discussion Main findings In this large population-based case-control study, we observed that the Mediterranean diet score was inversely associated with risk of RA. Metrics details. Mediterranean diet and risk of rheumatoid arthritis: a population-based case-control study. Dietary fish and fish oil and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis. It is reasonable to believe that women with very high disease activity or who have comorbidities have lower response rates and have greater difficulties with food-related tasks such as shopping, preparing and cooking food, influencing their diet. The Mediterranean diet has been associated with lower risk of overall mortality, cardiovascular disease and cancer [ 9, 10, 11 ].