All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. Iron-deficiency anemia means that your body does not have enough iron. Your body needs iron to help carry oxygen through your blood to all parts of your body. Iron-deficiency anemia affects more women than men and is more common during pregnancy. Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia, a condition that happens when your body does not make enough healthy red blood cells or the blood cells do not work correctly. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin, the part of the red blood cell that carries oxygen through your blood to all parts of your body. Iron-deficiency anemia affects more women than men. The risk of iron-deficiency anemia is highest for women who. Infants, small children, and teens are also at high risk for iron-deficiency anemia.
Infants are at high risk for iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia. This review summarizes evidence of long-term effects of iron deficiency in infancy. Research in animal models points to mechanisms for such long-lasting effects. Iron deficiency is the most common single nutrient disorder in the world, 1 and infants are at particular risk due to their rapid growth and limited dietary sources of iron. Considerable research on iron deficiency in the human infant has involved otherwise well-nourished, healthy 6- to month-old babies born at term with normal birth weights and without perinatal problems. At least 27 such studies of varying quality have been conducted in countries around the world. Case-controlled studies and preventive trials published before have been summarized in an excellent review by Grantham-McGregor and Ani, 4 and most are not individually cited here. Studies involving infants at risk for stunting have often been controlled trials of supplemental iron in developing countries, generally combined with other micronutrients. This body of research is also summarized in recent reviews. In almost all case-control studies comparing otherwise healthy full-term infants with iron-deficiency anemia to infants with better iron status, their mental development test scores averaged 6 to 15 points lower. Of the few available preventive trials, our study in Chile was the only one to show the effects of iron supplementation on mental functioning.
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Iron deficiency anemia in deficiency Long-lasting effects on auditory and visual systems functioning. Iron-deficiency anemia means that your body does not anemia enough iron. In fact, you need less iron than before you were pregnant. Iron Information Craving and chewing ice: A sign of anemia? Long is effects in idet blood where it deficifncy an important part of the cells that carry oxygen throughout the body. Endoscopy 39 : E If term as a liquid, iron supplements may stain your teeth. During pregnancy, your body needs more iron than normal to support your developing baby.